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What is Physiotherapy ?

Physical therapy, also known as Physiotherapy, is one of the allied health professions that, by using mechanical force and movements, manual therapy, exercise therapy, and electrotherapy, remediates impairments and promotes mobility and function.

What is the treatment?

Physiotherapy helps to restore mobility and normalcy in a patient's life after he/she is affected by any injury, disease or disability, in general.

Components of a physiotherapy session include manual therapy, advising and educating the patient. Physiotherapy can help a patient of any age to manage further pain and prevent subsequent injuries or diseases. In a nutshell, physiotherapy helps a patient improve and maximize his/her physical strength, functioning and general well-being while taking care of the underlying issues.

It adopts a more holistic approach to a patient's treatment process by taking into consideration his/her lifestyle and other dimensions of their lives.

Physiotherapy helps prevent disability and injury, manages chronic as well as acute health conditions, manages and betters physical performance of the patient, provides rehabilitation from the injury and educates patients on how to prevent any further recurrence.

How is the treatment done?

A physiotherapist may employ a variety of techniques, determined by the nature of the injury sustained and the particular problem that is being treated. The commonest of them are:

  • Manual manipulation: Moving the soft tissues and the joints betters circulation, flushes excess fluids from the body and relaxes overtly tight muscles and spasms.
  • Electrical stimulation of the nerves: Delivering electric currents in controlled intensity to the affected part helps to contain the pain signals, thus preventing them from reaching the brain.
  • Acupuncture: This is a great way of stimulating the CNS while dulling the pain and relaxing tight muscles.
  • Demonstration: Teaching and demonstrating proper movement patterns to the patient help them to recuperate on their own.
  • Functional testing: This involves examining the patient with regards to their physical movements to better assess his/her condition.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Few conditions that can benefit from physical therapy are:

  • Cardio-pulmonary conditions such as COPD, myocardial infarction and cystic fibrosis
  • Hand therapy in conditions such as trigger finger and CTS (Carpal tunnel syndrome)
  • Tears in the rotator cuff, lower or upper back pain and TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint Disorders)
  • Injuries to the spinal cord, stroke, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, trauma to the brain and vestibular dysfunction
  • Cerebral Palsy and other developmental disorders in children
  • Tennis elbow and other injuries related to sports
  • Urinary incontinence

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

There is nothing as a non-eligibility criterion for physiotherapy. Anybody who has sustained an injury, disease or has been rendered disabled from a trauma can go for physiotherapy for improved functioning and mobility, obviously after due consultation with the doctor in charge.

Shivam Multi Specialty hospital in Dombivli is providing services as Physiotherapy , Neurosurgery, Joint Replacement, Spine Surgery, Orthopedic, Urology

FAQS

1. Who is a physiotherapist?

Physiotherapists are specialists who assist people with injury, or disability to help restore full function, rehabilitation, mobility and strength.They are engaged in promoting health and maintainance of overall well being.

2. When should I see a doctor and when should I see a physiotherapist?

Severe injuries require patients to visit an emergency physician for further medical or surgical mode of treatment. Both physiotherapists and doctors can diagnose several injuries and either can be referred depending on the range of factors. However, physiotherapists specialize in treating musculo-skeletal system related conditions by certified exercises.

3. What is the difference between a physiotherapist and a physical therapist?

Both physiotherapist and physical therapist are interchangeable terms. Both kinds of people possess specific training to diagnose symptoms of injury, disability and illnesses and treat them by physical manipulation, exercises and heat therapy.

4. Can physiotherapists prescribe medicines?

The right to prescribe medicines by physiotherapists vary across nations and their medical boards. Some physiotherapists may be licensed to prescribe certain groups of pain relieving medications.

5. Which issues do physiotherapists take care of?

Physiotherapists manage sprains, knee and back pain, arthritis, posture problems, and other joint related issues likes.